While the region north of the Arctic Circle is commonly viewed as a singular expanse, the reality is rather different.
Failed its various unsuccessful attempts to colonize these lands, Spain for its internal problems, lost interest in Spanish Guinea in and authorized the British use the island as a base for the work of suppression of the slave trade. Some years later, another British captain, William Fitzwilliam Owendecided to colonize the island and in the north of it -on the site of the present capital- erected a base for British ships hunting European dealers in slaves.
Thus arose, on 25 DecemberPort Clarence on the ruins of a previous Portuguese settlement. The population of the capital was increased by the arrival of slaves freed by the British.
These freedmen were settled in Port Clarence before the establishment of Sierra Leone as a colony for freed slaves. The descendants of these freed slaves remained on the island. They joined other migrants who arrived as free workers from Liberia, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Benin, Nigeria and Cameroon, and became the population group called Creole or fernandinoswhose language was a Pidgin Bantu-English with some Spanish elements.
During the British period, the British consul automatically became the governor of the colony, including Governor John Beecrofta British mulatto sailor who modernized the capital, and whose work was later recognized by Spain with a monument in Punta Fernanda.
It took another decade to implement this direct control. The capital already had more dynamic and Protestant religious missions which were very successful. Both factors helped to change the attitude of Spain, in addition to internal reasons already alluded.
Malabo, the son of King Mokasurrendered to the Spaniards. His uncle Sas Ebuerahead of the Bubi warriors, claimed to represent legitimate Bubi rule and continued resisting, confronting the Spanish openly in Bubi clans and settlements were slow to accept Spanish sovereignty over the island, and the full conquest and pacification of the island was not achieved until Many city residents had to leave.
In the last years of his mandate, almost a fifth of the population fled. At that time —Equatorial Guinea received money from the Soviet Union in return for, inter alia, affording port facilities for Soviet naval craft, particularly submarines.
Several people have been jailed there in the over the 35 years of dictatorship. In the coastal region north of the city are the bays and capes. The elder is the punta de la Unidad Africana located just behind the Presidential Palace of Malabo and which occupies the entire eastern part of the Bay of Malabo.
Another cape of importance is punta Europa located in the west of the city near to the airport. Climate[ edit ] Malabo features a tropical monsoon climate Am. The city has a pronounced, albeit short, sunnier but still cloudy dry season from December through February.
It also has a very long cloudy wet season that covers the remaining nine months March—November. Daytime temperatures do not vary at all day to day, and only vary a few degrees throughout the entire year.
Nonetheless, with only 1, hours of sunshine per year, Malabo is one of the cloudiest, wettest and lightning-prone capitals of the world and experiences much fog and haze even when it's not raining in the driest months.
Climate data for Malabo.Polish Ministry of Marine (or Maritime) Economy (Polish: Ministerstwo Gospodarki Morskiej) was created on 5 May during the reshuffling of the government of Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz. Ministry take an authority over some matters, previously administrated by .
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